Rannow, Jerry (2017). Writing Television Comedy

Scenario comedy

Primary article: Scenario comedy

The scenario comedy, or sitcom, has been the most typical, profitable and culturally vital sort of tv comedy. As the identify suggests, these applications characteristic recurring characters positioned in humorous situations. Since the early 1950s with I like Lucy in the US and Hancock’s Half Hour in Britain, sitcoms have at all times had a particular place within the hearts of viewers and gathered extremely devoted followers, because the acquainted characters often develop into beloved. Often carried out before a stay viewers (or, in some cases, a simulated dwell audience within the type of a snicker track), normally filmed or taped with a multiple-digicam setup, and virtually at all times a half-hour in length, sitcoms are seldom introduced as reasonable depictions of life however often generate trustworthy humor by way of the relationships between and ongoing growth of characters. Because the debut of I like Lucy tv has by no means been with out sitcoms and they have often been the most popular and lucrative of all program varieties. Even within the early 2000s, the forged of the NBC sitcom Friends were among tv’s highest paid performers.


Important article: Comedy-drama

A comedy-drama, typically known as a dramedy, is a program that combines humor with extra critical dramatic components, aiming for a considerably extra reasonable tone than typical sitcoms. These packages are shot with a single-camera setup and offered without a chuckle monitor, and typically run an hour in size. This could refer to a style of tv or radio drama series.

Sketch comedy

Essential article: Sketch comedy

Sketch comedy packages differ from sitcoms in that they do not mainly characteristic recurring characters (although some characters and scenarios may be repeated) and infrequently draw upon current occasions and emphasize satire over character improvement. Sketch comedy was pioneered by Sid Caesar, whose Your Present of Exhibits debuted in 1950 and established many conventions of the style. American sketch comedy reached a later peak within the mid-1970s with the debut of Saturday Night Live, originally a variety program but soon devoted mostly to sketches. In the UK, two of the extra profitable examples are Monty Python’s Flying Circus and Little Britain.

Stand-up comedy

Foremost article: Stand-up comedy

Stand-up comedy has been pretty well represented on television. Stand-up comedians have lengthy been a staple of selection and late-night time talk exhibits; indeed, talk-selection shows such because the Tonight Show traditionally open with a comedy monologue carried out by this system host. Television stand-up reached a peak of popularity on British schedules with the immensely in style ITV programme The Comedians. Their fashion of comedy was swept away nearly completely within the Britain of the early 1980s when a brand new generation of stand-ups challenged what they noticed as racist and sexist humour and revolutionised the form underneath the banner various comedy. In the US, stand-up comedy applications grew to become standard on many cable tv channels beginning in the mid-1980s, as such “brick wall” reveals (nicknamed for the stereotypical use of a pretend brick wall as a backdrop) were cheap to supply and air. Stand-up humour later had blended fortunes on the small display, typically shunted away to the small hours or as part of a larger entertainment extravaganza.

Improvisational comedy

Predominant article: Improvisational comedy

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Improvisational comedy has not too long ago been standard with television audiences on each sides of the Atlantic, most notably with each British and American versions of this system Whose Line is it Anyway?.

Gameshow comedy

There are numerous UK comedies by which the format is that of a gameshow, and will give the visitors an opportunity to perform stand up comedy to win a spherical. Examples of this genre include Have I Received News For You, eight Out of 10 Cats, Mock the Week and By no means Thoughts the Buzzcocks.

Animated cartoon

Principal article: Animated cartoon

Animated cartoons have lengthy been a supply of comedy on tv. Early kids’s programming usually recycled theatrical cartoons; later, low-budget animation produced particularly for television dominated Saturday-morning network programming within the US. A few prime-time animated comedies, notably The Flintstones, The Simpsons, Household Guy, successfully blended attributes of traditional cartoons and sitcoms.

Along with broad comedy program sorts, comedy often appears on tv in way more delicate varieties. Comedy is commonly a necessary a part of other programming, notably drama. Attempts at mixing comedy and drama in numerous combos (generally often called dramedy) have been attempted over time.

Britcom – checklist of British sitcoms

German television comedy

Checklist of comedies

Further reading

Rannow, Jerry (2000). Writing Television Comedy.

A History of Comedy on Television: Beginning to 1970 – by Richard F. Taflinger

A Bibliography of Books and Articles about television comedy – UC Berkeley Libraries

Categories: Tv genres | Comedy television seriesHidden categories: Articles lacking sources from January 2010 | All articles lacking sources

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