Video Lighting Secrets and techniques For Low Budgets
The distinction between one thing that is well lit and something that isn’t can be the distinction between a video that is great and one that’s totally pants. When i shoot wedding ceremony videos in LA, I often have to simply accept whats given to me within the environment, however this doesn’t imply I should settle for dangerous results.
Lighting A Scene
Guerrilla videographers are very adept at low price range lighting. So how do we mild a scene My advice, keep it simple. DV needs as much light as some other video format if you are lighting an image accurately. The rule of thumb is that you simply start out with a 1 cease, greater wattage key mild source, than you suppose you need, so that by time it’s diffused, you still have sufficient mild to shoot at a good f-stop orange and blue superman shirt with. Each time you add a layer of heavy diffusion to a mild, you’ll lose a few cease of exposure. So that you will need to have enough mild to begin with before you may diffuse it. The benefit of this gentle is that the bulbs throw a comfortable, gentle light .
A reflector is a bit of silvery, gold or white fabric stretched over a frame. Lastolite make some actually cool ones that explode open into huge circles. They come in two foremost varieties : silver/white and gold/white (the gold is good for warming up flesh tones). They are always a good funding, however if you can’t afford them there’s a cheaper answer around the nook.
If you wish to go super cheap, hit up your native supermarket and get some huge cardboard containers and a few aluminum foil. Lower the containers into massive sheets profiting from its folds, and stick the foil to the boards to create folding reflectors. Use the shiny aspect of the foil for a hard reflector or the dull side for a extra diffuse reflector. You would also strive in search of reflecting solar shades.
Three Point Lighting
Let’s talk about essentially the most fundamental but useful lighting set-up. In this example, we use a person. Arrange your first mild and put it in entrance of the topic at a 45o angle wanting down on them a bit of. This is the important thing light. Our subject is now lit.
However, the subject is plagued with heavy shadows on the alternative side of their face. Prop up one other mild and make it extra diffuse by reflecting it off a wall or putting a reflector in front of it. This is the fill gentle and can help soften the shadows. You can also add a gentle above and behind the subject so as to add rim lighting (ie. white line). This helps to separate them from the background. This is known as backlighting. Do not forget that the additional you move a mild away from the object you’re lighting the less mild falls on it. Think back to your Physics class in highschool and also you is perhaps able to recollect the inverse square law. This states that ‘the depth of light noticed from a source of fixed intrinsic luminosity falls of as the sq. of the distance from the thing’. Cool, eh But what does that imply If I’m lighting an actress if I double the space she is from the sunshine I’d decrease the brightness of the light so it was only a quarter of what it was, leading to a very underlit actress.
A good key gentle for low-cost is a 500 watt tungsten work light which could be found at hardware and automotive components shops. They include their very own stands, however I do discover the stands a little bit short.
There’s some energy here, but it’s arduous to regulate, so I like to recommend that you do not goal them immediately at your actors. Bounce them off a wall or ceiling to create a nice mushy mild. If you’d like, you can put them outdoors windows and blast them via the openings. These lights can get scorching, so watch out shifting them around. I’ve found them as low-cost as $10 and can run up to $30. (11/03 I saw an advert for Kragen Auto Components in LA had them at $10.) They are often found with two heads that makes 1000 watts of lights.
Shower Curtain As Diffusion
One thing you are able to do is get a frosted shower curtain and hang it from a stand after which place the shower curtain in entrance of one of these infants to create a wall of smooth mild. Once more, do not get too close otherwise your melt a hole in you.
China Lanterns are great. I’ve seen them on the units of motion pictures costing many thousands and thousands of dollars. They are paper materials which will be expanded into a ball (and now totally different shapes orange and blue superman shirt like squares, rectangles and ovals). They come with a wire support for the bulb. You could get a socket and cable and they’re normally bought in the same place you find the lanterns. I put an everyday 200 watt bulb inside and they make an important softlight for shut-ups. If the lantern’s huge enough, I will put two 200 watt bulbs in and i can gentle a small room with them. Be careful with them because they’re made of paper and might burst into flames. They run between $3 – $7 relying on measurement. You can find them at Goal, Ikea and Pier One Imports, to name just a few.