Comparisons Between Classical Greek And Medieval Indian Mythology
In the Legend of Ponnivala, the twin kings Ponnar and Shankar face off towards a large boar named Komban. Komban is the offspring of a bit sow who was once brought to Ponnivala as one of the royal animals. When Kunnutaiya and Tamarai set out on their journey to the Gates of Heaven to resolve the matter of their childless state with Lord Shiva, all of the barren animals ask them to request a boon of kids from the god on their behalf.
The pig, nonetheless, falls asleep across their path. In her rush to get moving Tamarai kicks the pig to wake her up. Indignant, the pig curses Tamarai and swears that the son she has will grow into a huge black boar that will ravage the land and kill Tamarai’s sons.
After Tamarai’s sons, the heroes Ponnar and Shankar, have grown, the land is ravaged by the nice boar Komban. Komban challenges mens iron man sweatshirt the young kings, who have stolen a parrot from the neighbouring forest kingdom. Through pitched and very harmful fight, Komban is killed and his remains divided between the males of Ponnivala and their allies.
The same tale is learn in Greek mythology in the story of Castor and Pollux. Oeneus of Calydon commits an incredible insult when he presents a harvest sacrifice to the entire gods except Artemis. Enraged, Artemis sends a giant boar to ravage the fields of Calydon. According to the Iliad, Oeneus calls on his son Meleager to prepare a searching celebration (which includes, curiously, the twin warriors Castor and Pollux, Meleager’s cousins). The boar is killed and the meat divided. However, Meleager’s uncles are offended that he has given a greater portion to the huntress Atalanta, and after additional fight Meleager kills them, which incites his personal mother to curse him.
Other Attention-grabbing Parallels
There is another set of curious parallels that bears some fascinating discussion here. One among the reasons Artemis is so insulted by Oeneus’ neglect of a sacrifice is that she is the goddess of the hunt, whereas he is a farmer. Though in Greek mythology these castes usually are not all the time as opposed as they are often in Indian tradition, this parallels the mens iron man sweatshirt basic motive for the struggle between Komban and the kings of Ponnivala. They’ve stolen a parrot, which provokes the vengeance of the forest princess Viratangal. In the war between the farmers and the hunters, Komban is a major combatant on the aspect of the hunters.
An identical theme occurs where Atalanta the huntress joins Meleager’s hunt (it is her arrow that kills the boar). Regardless of typically accepting her talent, the other farmer/warriors of Calydon don’t belief this forest dweller. In the Roman model it is assumed it is as a result of she’s a woman; in the Greek model, hero females who comply with Artemis are quite frequent, and the aversion appears to be because of her caste as hunter. Following the hunt Atalanta is awarded the boar’s hide, which is an insult to Meleager’s farmer uncles. Within the ensuing combat the uncles are killed, and their sister, Meleager’s mom, curses him and he dies.
Meleager’s loss of life causes his sisters (known as the “Meleagrids”) to weep so profusely that Artemis takes pity on them and turns two of them (Eurymede and Melanippe) into birds. This is not a direct parallel, but in Ponnivala the two parrots who reside in Tamarai’s nostril while she meditates outdoors Lord Shiva’s council chamber additionally symbolize an avian pair that has an incredible deal to do with the fate of the heroes. Their separation at the hands of Ponnar and Shankar is what incites violence between the forest kingdom and the young kings.
The good Boar in Culture and Fable
If you happen to look deeply sufficient at the comparisons between The Legend of Ponnivala and the Calydonian Boar Hunt, increasingly symbolism about this exceptional creature comes to light. The boar has long been related in many outdated-world cultures with power and courage. But its habits–consuming absolutely anything with a voracious appetite–have also made it a logo of darkness and fear. A bull or a boar may kill a man, but a bull is unlikely to eat him… a boar just may.
In fortitude and courage the boar is unmatched, and it is maybe because of this that Vishnu selected to take this kind for his third avatar, Varaha, in order to battle and subdue the demon Hiranyaksha. Hiranyaksha had taken the earth to the underside of the cosmic ocean. After battling the demon for a thousand years, Varaha was victorious, and carried the earth between his tusks to position it again in its proper place in the heavens.
In the Mahabharata, the warrior Arjuna is attacked by a boar while he meditates to realize the favour of Lord Shiva. When he and the hunter (Shiva in disguise) shoot the boar at the identical time, a struggle ensues. That struggle mens iron man sweatshirt seems to be the blessing Arjuna needs to realize the favour of Lord Shiva and obtain the boon he needs.
In Episode 24 (“A Curse Revealed”) of The Legend of Ponnivala, the servant Chambuga tells the kings of Ponnivala that the boar Komban is “the god of dying himself.” This means that the boar would possibly actually be Lord Shiva, or at least a logo of his destructive power.
But what of other instances where the boar has become a mainstay of conventional culture Well, if we are able to consider that there’s a parallel between Artemis, the huntress within the Meleager story, and Kali, the goddess who comes to the aid of the hunters by giving the boon of an enormous boar/son to the little sow, the mythology turns into fairly universal.
As an example, there’s a direct correlation between Artemis in Greece and the Roman goddess of the hunt, Diana. To Artemis, the hart (deer) was a sacred animal, however twice she called on a boar to do her dirty work (once to kill Adonis for his infidelity, and once more to punish the farmer king Oeneus for neglecting her within the harvest sacrifices).
Diana’s representative animal is the hart, but her precursor from Gaul is another story. The goddess of the Ardennes forest range (protecting elements of Belgium, Luxembourg, and France) was a huntress named Arduinna. A true Celtic goddess, Arduinna’s love of the wildwood, her role as protector of hunters and of animals, and her affiliation with purity and the moon, had been all adopted into Gallo-Roman mythology and grew to become Diana, beneath which title she continued to be worshipped by pagan Europeans for centuries. As Arduinna nevertheless, her favoured beast was the boar, which she rode on the hunt.
The Norse goddess Freya also kept a boar for company. Freya was the Norse goddess of fertility, love, war, and dying (all elements related to the opposite goddesses talked about above, including Kali). She also dominated over the afterlife subject of Folkvangr, where half of those that died in battle were stated to find yourself (the other half went to Valhalla with Odin). Her boar Hildisvini (literally “battle swine”) was a constant companion and a powerful ally in battle. It is usually thought that Hildisvini was Freya’s mortal lover, Ottar, in disguise–a notion which prompted Loki to recommend that she was all the time behaving inappropriately by riding her lover in every single place she went!