Unimaginable, Improbable And Imaginary Geographies
Unimaginable, improbable or imaginary geographies, as things turned out, are each on planet, in planet, and off planet. Listed below are a few examples.
Hollow Earth: Everyone knows on this trendy enlightened house age period that our residence planet is not flat, which wasn’t always the case. You cannot actually fault our ancestors for that, because, on the surface, except you’re really cluey, regardless of hills and dales, the ground is flat! Okay, that’s one misconception about Planet Earth tossed into the rubbish bin, however there’s one other. The Earth is a spherical three-D sphere. But is it strong by means of-and-through Some have instructed the Earth is hollow, and inhabited! That’s been a well-liked sci-fi plot machine since the days of Jules Verne and Edgar Rice Burroughs although the concept and its promotion both predates and postdates them and never all the time as a plot device for mere storytelling. Some took the idea very severely certainly.
But the true fashionable kick-begin of that concept, not as sci-fi however as sci-reality was spawned by Richard Shaver (claiming personal data and firsthand experiences) and therefore publicised extensively by Ray Palmer, a sci-fi and UFO guru writer. Not solely was the Earth hollow, however there was a mini-star within the centre to offer heat and gentle (seen by surface dwellers because the auroras) to the technologically superior inhabitants and naturally that explains where UFOs got here from – not outer area however inside space. There have been holes-at-the-poles that served because the gateways between interior Earth and outer Earth.
Alas, geophysical evaluation of seismic waves and theoretical celestial and mechanical physics rule out any such notion of a hollow Earth. Satellites show no polar holes – ditto floor-reality findings by polar expeditions which really preceded the spy-in-the-sky verification. Of course diehards put all that all the way down to worldwide cover-ups and conspiracy theories! The reality is out there – or somewhat down there.
Nonetheless, the idea retains its recognition from Jules Verne’s “Journey to the Centre of the Earth” (as in style as ever) to Edgar Rice Burroughs and his collection of Pellucidar novels (“On the Earth’s Core”, and so forth. – even Tarzan obtained into the act in one novel) proper down to fashionable instances and the “Sanctuary” Tv collection. The Verne and Burroughs novels have of course offered fodder to these in Hollywood to make many a movie selling the hollow Earth, although in contrast to Shaver/Palmer, there was by no means any try and pawn off the concept as actuality.
Atlantis: A one-off reference hmv flash t shirt dress by Plato has spawned zillions of books, articles, movies, documentaries, web sites, and all-round on a regular basis references to this reference, and so on. The subject of all the fuss is known as or generally known as Atlantis, or typically Atlantis, the Lost Continent. Self-made, even bona-fide scholars, previous and present (and no doubt future) have positioned the lost ‘continent’ of Atlantis on just about each sq. mile on the surface of Planet Earth. You title the situation; somebody has instructed that’s the place Atlantis was. Whereas not everybody will be right, everybody will be fallacious. Atlantis, especially Atlantis, the Misplaced Continent, would not exist. Slightly, a spot of an entirely totally different identify, coupled with a disastrous event, collectively conspired apparently to give Plato the inspiration for the tale of Atlantis.
The just about accepted view, by scholars anyway, is that the southern Aegean Sea island of Santorini, not less than what stays of the island identified more to the ancients as Thera, being a volcanically active kind of place, blew it is volcanic top some 3600 years ago, and after i say blew, I mean BLEW! The explosion was one in all the absolute largest volcanic Ka-Booms in historical or trendy history. Now the Minoan civilization, on the close by island of Crete (a mere 70 miles away), had a entrance row seat view of the fireworks. Unfortunately, typically close encounters may be too close for comfort. And so it came to cross that between the eruption itself, and the massive tsunami that adopted as most of Thera collapsed into the Aegean, the Minoan civilization went the way of the dodo. Thus, the preliminary spark of the Atlantis fantasy was born. A little bit of someone who advised somebody who informed somebody who instructed somebody, plus a little bit of inventive licence, and Atlantis was thrust onto the world stage the place it remains to this very day.
Atlantis isn’t after all the one ‘misplaced continent’ that is been popularised. To stability out the maritime areas, Atlantis apparent being related to the Atlantic Ocean, is joined by Lemuria (Indian Ocean) and Mu (Pacific Ocean). These are the Olympic silver and bronze medallists in the brand new Age promotion of those misplaced continents geographies, though the latter two do not have the distinguished parentage of Atlantis itself.
El Dorado & Cibola: What do we wish – gold! When do we would like it – now! Which will not have been the actual mantra of the Spanish when marching through the Americas, however gold was by no means far from their minds while changing the heathen (Aztecs, Incas, etc.) to Christianity and otherwise having a grand old time doing their exploration/conquest thing. And the American natives definitely had loads of gold cultural artefacts, which the Spanish conquistadors had been all too blissful to relieve from the natives and ship them all off to Spain (to be melted down).
However what they really appropriated from the natives paled compared to the tales they heard about undiscovered cities hidden deep within the interior made out of pure gold; Cibola, those ‘seven cities of gold’ was one such, but most of all there was the fabulous golden metropolis of El Dorado, the ‘misplaced city of gold’. And so it came to pass that, for purely scientific and geographical reasons of course, that many tried to find this golden metropolis (and naturally Cibola too) and endured all manner of hardships of their quest. To that end, the natives too endured hardships, like torture to tell all the place precisely El Dorado and Cibola was, however it all boiled down, even with the natives, to again someone who told someone who advised someone fifty instances eliminated. No person had a precise clue. Well, to make a long story quick, all of the hardships were for nought. It all came to a lump of solid nothing. El Dorado and Cibola did not exist. The Americas aren’t home to El Dorado or golden cities of any sort. It’s just one other one of those quite a few examples of imaginary geography.
Oh, and whereas I’m at it, only a passing mention that Shangri-La, based on Shambhala, a mythical kingdom in Tibet, is well, additionally totally mythical. Still, “Misplaced Horizon”, the novel and the movie that includes Shangri-La (plus the hit tune), are a part of our cultural heritage now so you may count on that this geographical utopia might be with us for some time to return.
Hell, Hades & Hel: Here’s a trilogy of terrestrial underworld locations that many consider in but no person has verified.
If Hell exists, it definitely exists by way of terrestrial geography since Earthlings do not go up to Hell (and Jesus descended to the underworld, or Hell) and the vivid physical descriptions give little doubt to its physical nature. Can anybody nevertheless verify the precise existence of Hell That’s the question!
Hades, the historic Greek trilogy of heaven, hell and in-between, is all placed in the identical bodily location and had absolute geography as one had exact instructions on learn how to get there, and demigods and mortals alike made many a quest to Hades for varied reasons. Return from Hades wasn’t always a certain factor, but some pulled it off. Hades the place was dominated by Hades the god, trouble to Zeus and Poseidon and offspring of the goddess Rhea and the god Cronus. Anyway, Hades too has one way or the other slipped off the geographical map, or maybe Hades was converted to an underground parking lot, the inmates relocated and rehoused elsewhere.
Hel was the Norse model of Hades, oft known as the Niflheim Land of the Useless. Hel is akin to Hades in two ways. It’s the land of the useless not simply the damned, except for those true Viking warrior heroes who die in battle – they go to Valhalla which is upstairs. So for those who weren’t within the class of slain warrior hero, if say you died of old age, illness or accident, you went to Hel, the underworld equivalent of Valhalla and not in any respect what it seems like. There was hmv flash t shirt dress no torment. The opposite Hades equivalent was that overseer had the identical identify as the place. Hel was the monstrous offspring of the trickster god Loki. Monstrous she could have been however the goddess Hel equipped food and drink, and the distinguished got mead in Hel’s reception hall.
Now Earth, even subterranean Earth, has been fairly properly explored. Guess what, no Hell, Hades, Hel or every other underworld of the dead and/or damned has been discovered. But for arguments sake, say intrepid alive-and-kicking explorers found Hell on Earth (or beneath it). What would we do Effectively, after Iraq and Afghanistan, why not The war on terrorism knows no limits relating to geography!
Vulcan: We all know that Mercury is the closest planetary object to the Sun. But that’s not celestial physics set in stone. There might be objects even nearer in, although tough to see in the intense glare of our parent star, simply as many of us haven’t ever seen Mercury being too close to the Solar to be seen with the unaided eye unless circumstances are absolutely spot-on. So, method back when, when astronomical instrumentation and know-how wasn’t nearly as good as in the present day, coupled with expectations and the fun of the chase, nicely it isn’t hmv flash t shirt dress too stunning that astronomers ‘discovered’ that there was a planet even nearer to the Solar than Mercury. Such a planet would be hot property certainly, and so when looking for mythological names that have been ‘hot’ with which to christen it, nicely Vulcan match the invoice. And so it came to pass that Vulcan was the planet closest to the Solar; Mercury relegated to next in line. Unfortunately, they were mistaken. Wishful considering trumped lower than superb observations and so Vulcan was created within the thoughts as opposed to being truly verifiable. Mercury was restored to first rock from the Sun status – Vulcan turned imaginary actual property. However, as Star Trek followers all know, the identify lives on because the (non-solar) house of Mr. Spock and kin.
Neith: Venus, the Goddess of Love, ought to have a lover – a companion. Venus, the planet, ought to too have a companion. In any case, Venus is the near twin of Earth by way of measurement and proximity to the Solar (Venus is second rock out), and Earth has a pure satellite tv for pc so it stood to reason that Venus should have one too. Alas, it was to not be, but not for lack of attempting. Take Neith – companion (however in mythology not lover) to Venus the planet. As with the case of Vulcan, wishful thinking, plus perhaps less than ideal telescopes (relative to fashionable scopes) led to a flurry of sightings of that anticipated satellite tv for pc of Venus, named Neith, so confident had been the discoverers that this was no illusion but a physical object. Now there is a slight problem right here. Venus is not that shut in proximity to the Solar that photo voltaic glare should have prompted issues. It wasn’t just one professional astronomer who sighted Neith, however many. And while the optical gear of the day wasn’t 2012 state-of-the-art, it was more than ample, or ought to have been more than ample, to see an affordable sized satellite tv for pc in orbit round Venus. So, one might argue that Neith was certainly an actual little bit of celestial real estate that went walkabout. Natural satellites haven’t got a behavior of going walkabout and disappearing. Unnatural satellites on the other hand… Now, would possibly our own Moon be such an unnatural satellite tv for pc
Spaceship Moon: Once upon a time there was no actual scientifically satisfactorily clarification for the Moon, or moderately how the Moon came to be our Moon. One idea that the Moon was an impartial body in an irregular and rogue orbit that by some means in a just-so type of method occur to get gravitationally captured by the Earth was actually too implausible. The Moon might have formed jointly with the Earth out of the identical cosmic interstellar mud cloud that gave rise to the rest of the photo voltaic system. Some bits of that cosmic mud clumped collectively to form the planets across the mother or father star, the Sun, and in like vogue different bits of that dust got here collectively around the planets to form pure satellites. Alas, publish Apollo, chemical analysis of Moon bits compared to Earth bits ruled that out. For a similar motive, in addition to problems in celestial physics, the Moon wasn’t born of a quickly spinning proto-Earth abandoning the Pacific basin as its scar, in the identical method water droplets could be flung off a globe that was rapidly spinning.
Enter stage left the far-out-star-scout different idea that the Moon had nothing to do with the proto-Solar and proto-solar system and proto-Earth. The Moon wasn’t a rogue object captured by the Earth’s gravity, but it surely was a rouge object that was deliberately steered into an Earth orbit. The Moon was really a hollow artificially constructed spaceship, covered with plenty of mud and rock debris as a pure shield against cosmic radiation and other cosmic bits that might every now and then slam into this spaceship – hazards of an interstellar voyage. Anomalies like Transient Lunar Phenomena (strange glowing lights seen on an irregular foundation on the lunar surface) are explained as synthetic. The Moon’s aliens are the supply of the UFO phenomenon. The rationale for the aliens steering the synthetic Moon into Earth orbit in the first place is that Earth provided all of the close at hand subsequent door assets the aliens might ever want.
In fact to spoil that good synthetic hollow Moon concept, some bright scientist comes up with yet one more natural lunar origin rationalization that now fitted the entire facts – a rogue near Mars-sized planet slammed, albeit only a glancing blow, into the proto-Earth, and the resulting mixture of thrown off debris from the proto-Earth and the close to completely destroyed smaller rouge planet came collectively beneath gravity in close to Earth proximity to develop into, the Moon. So, alas, the artificial hollow Moon proved to be one other little bit of implausible geography.
Face on Mars: The ‘is there or isn’t there life on Mars’ game was set afoot when the American Viking area probes arrived in the Martian enviornment in 1976. On the size of micro-organisms, that question still hasn’t been resolved. There are those who are convinced the Viking craft that landed on the Martian surface hit biological pay dirt. Most others say it was only chemical, not biochemical pay dirt. The fence is being sat on by others to today. Nevertheless, the opposite Viking craft that orbited Mars boldly detected not microbial life, but intelligent life on Mars. One photographed the ‘face on Mars’, and by Jove, that’s exactly what it looked like – one huge monolithic huge stone structure on the Martian surface that resembled all the way down to exacting details, a human face. Well, appearances may be, and sometimes are, deceiving. All of us, at one time or another has seen geometry and recognizable shapes, together with faces, in the clouds or in rock formations or on toasted cheese sandwiches. Photographs of ‘Jesus’ appearing on all method of issues are regular fodder for the tabloids. Anyway, the entire ‘face on Mars’ difficulty spawned a complete mini publishing boom, although sceptics have been ninety nine & forty four/100’s % convinced that it was all just an illusion. And so it came to go that NASA went back to Mars post-Viking, and, underneath strain, had a new orbiting probe take another look below differing lighting situations. The score – sceptics one; ‘face on Mars’ advocates zero. It actually was all simply an illusion, a trick of these lighting conditions that when coupled with some wishful thinking produced one other example of imaginary geography.
Hollow Moons of Mars: But wait, we’re not fairly by way of with Mars yet. Mars has two relatively tiny satellites found in 1877 and both named after offspring of Ares/Mars – the god of war – that orbit around it. The one farther out and smaller of the 2 is known as Deimos (about four miles radius and over 12,four hundred miles altitude) and the opposite bigger and nearer moon is Phobos (about 7 miles radius; altitude 3700 miles from the Martian floor). Actually it can be more correct to say that neither is an ideal sphere; potato-shaped is a more spot-on description.
Now it got here to move that some scientists monitoring the relative orbits of Deimos and Phobos observed that they were shrinking much, a lot, sooner that they should have been. The moons have been spiralling in in direction of the planet, ultimately destined to have a close encounter of the Ka-Increase affect kind. The very tenuous Martian ambiance is not much of a drag to what must be strong rock moons. The only alterative rationalization is that these satellites were hollow; a lot less dense than strong rock, and subsequently, watch for it, synthetic, most likely relics of an extended extinct Martian civilization. Nicely really, there was one other alternative clarification – the observations of the shrinking orbits were at the bounds of resolution know-how and had been erroneous. Space probes that have since passed up-close-and-private to and photographed these satellites, and present exactly what you’d count on – not gleaming metallic hollow space stations or the image of a Star Wars sort of Death Star configuration, but irregular, potato-formed, cratered hunks of rock.
Heaven: When you accept the literal reality of Biblical passages, you can draw no other conclusion aside from that Heaven is a physical place not of this Earth since there are many passages relating beings ascending and descending twixt the two. Due to this fact Heaven have to be located somewhere up there or out there and as the Bible points out, house to an assorted range of supernatural deities (Father, Son and Holy Ghost) and workers, presumably angels (or extraterrestrial officers and crew depending on viewpoint). Sadly, regardless of Heaven being bodily geography, it ain’t been seen by man, telescope or area probe. Heaven would have to be fairly conspicuous – deities and staff do not reside on a quarter acre block. Attempt one thing more like the Taj Mahal or Buckingham Palace or Angkor Wat all cubed.
After all maybe Heaven is situated light-years away among the stars, however that may hinder speedy interventions by the Heavenly residents right here on Terra Firma. Prayers can’t travel faster than the pace of gentle, and like radio broadcasts, rapidly fade in response to the inverse-square legislation – twice the gap, one-quarter the energy; thrice the distance, one-ninth the energy, and so forth. So, Heaven, if it makes any sense in any respect, should be nearby, in cosmic phrases. Perhaps Heaven resides and is hidden within the cloud bands of Jupiter, although that’s hardly a tranquil or supreme location as is in reality many of the solar system’s actual estate. Of course if Heaven were a spaceship, a big spaceship – assume Buckingham Palace cubed again – properly maybe that explains Neith. It just moved from the Venus environs to a less conspicuous location like within the asteroid belt or throughout the rings of Saturn – hidden in plain sight because it were. The upshot is, until proven otherwise, Heaven must be thought of a legendary place.