Ghost Rider is the identify of many fictional supernatural antiheroes showing in American comedian books printed by Marvel Comics. Marvel had beforehand used the title for a Western character whose identify was later changed to Phantom Rider.
The primary supernatural Ghost Rider is stunt motorcyclist Johnny Blaze, who, in order to save the life of his father, agreed to provide his soul to “Satan” (later revealed to be an arch-demon named Mephisto). At night and when round evil, Blaze finds his flesh consumed by hellfire, inflicting his head to turn into a flaming skull. He rides a fiery motorbike and wields blasts of hellfire from his body, normally from his skeletal hands. He eventually learns he has been bonded with the demon Zarathos. Blaze starred in the Ghost Rider series from 1972 to 1983. The next Ghost Rider series (1990-1998) featured Danny Ketch as a new Ghost Rider. After his sister was injured by ninja gangsters, Ketch got here in touch with a bike that had by some means been mystically enchanted to comprise the essence of a Spirit of Vengeance. Blaze reappeared in this nineties collection as a supporting character, and it was later revealed that Danny and his sister had been Johnny Blaze’s long lost siblings. In 2000s comics, Blaze once more turned the Ghost Rider, succeeding Cyborg Ketch. In 2013, Robbie Reyes became Ghost Rider as part of the Marvel NOW! initiative.
Nicolas Cage starred because the Johnny Blaze iteration of the character in the 2007 film Ghost Rider and the sequel Ghost Rider: Spirit of Vengeance in 2012. Gabriel Luna plays the Robbie Reyes model in the tv sequence Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. The actors Henry Simmons and Clark Gregg also play Ghost Rider briefly.
1 Fictional character biography 1.1 Johnny Blaze
1.2 Danny Ketch
1.3 Alejandra Jones
1.4 Robbie Reyes
3.2 The Final Stand of the Spirits of Vengeance
three.3 Path of Tears
5.1 Ultimate Marvel
5.2 Ghost Rider 2099
5.3 The Spirit of Vengeance
5.Four Marvel Zombies: Lifeless Days
5.5 What If
6.1 Television 6.1.1 Marvel Cinematic Universe
Fictional character biography
Following the western comics character who originally used the title, the first superhero Ghost Rider, Johnny Blaze, debuted in Marvel Spotlight #5 (Aug. 1972), created by writer-editor Roy Thomas, writer Gary Friedrich, and artist Mike Ploog. He obtained his personal sequence in 1973, with penciller Jim Mooney dealing with most of the first 9 points. Several completely different inventive groups blended-and-matched till penciller Don Perlin started a significantly lengthy stint with problem #26, finally joined by author Michael Fleisher by situation #58. The series ran by way of in challenge #81 (June 1983). Blaze returned as Ghost Rider in a 2001 six-concern miniseries written by Devin Grayson; a second miniseries written by Garth Ennis in 2005, and an ongoing monthly series that began publication in July 2006. Johnny Blaze was the son of Naomi Blaze and Barton Blaze, Naomi being the earlier Ghost Rider.
The next Ghost Rider, a younger man named Daniel “Danny” Ketch (Johnny Blaze’s long lost little brother), debuted in Ghost Rider vol. Three, #1 (Might 1990). This Ghost Rider was nearly identical to the previous, although his costume was now a black leather biker jacket with spiked shoulder-pads, gray leather-based pants, and a mystic chain he wore throughout his chest, which responded to his psychological commands and served as his major melee weapon. His new motorcycle resembled a futuristic machine and the entrance of it may lower to serve as a battering ram. Like the original Ghost Rider’s bike, the wheels were composed of mystic hellfire. Unlike the connection between the earlier Ghost Rider and the demon with which he was bonded, Ketch and his demon 敋ho in vol. 2, #91 (December 1997) is revealed to be Marvel’s incarnation of the Angel of Death/Judgment re cooperative with each other. At the close of the series with vol. 2, #ninety three (Feb. 1998), Ketch apparently died. The following yr, however, Peter Parker: Spider-Man #ninety three (July 1999) revealed Ketch was nonetheless alive. Practically a decade later, Marvel printed the lengthy-completed closing issue as Ghost Rider Finale (Jan. 2007), which reprints the last issue and the beforehand unpublished #ninety four.
Through the 2011 crossover story arc Concern Itself, in a number of Marvel Comics titles, a Nicaraguan lady named Alejandra Jones turns into Ghost Rider by a ritual performed by a man named Adam, in Ghost Rider vol. Four, #1. Although she demonstrated many beforehand unknown powers of the Ghost Rider entity, she was deprived of its full power when Johnny Blaze took back most of this energy.
In March 2014, a new Ghost Rider series debuted featuring a brand new Mexican-American character named Roberto “Robbie” Reyes, taking on the mantle. He drives a black classic muscle car harking back to a modified 1969 Dodge Charger as a substitute of a motorcycle and lives in East Los Angeles. The character debuted in 2013.[Three] Robbie Reyes was created by writer/artist Felipe Smith and designed by Felipe Smith and artist Tradd Moore.[Four]
Powers and abilities
The Ghost Rider is a human who can remodel into a skeletal superhuman wreathed in ethereal flame and given supernatural powers. The motorcycles he rides can travel quicker than any conventional automobile and can perform such seemingly inconceivable feats as riding up a vertical surface, throughout water surfaces and leaping across great distances that normal motorcycles cannot. The Ghost Riders are just about indestructible and notoriously arduous to injure by any standard means, as bullets and knives usually go via them without inflicting pain (knives are seen to melt whereas of their body). It is possible that they are genuinely immortal, because it is alleged that God created them and only God can destroy them. Regardless of being composed of bone and hellfire, the Ghost Riders possess formidable superhuman power, sufficient to easily pick up a truck and hurl it throughout a road. It has been stated that Johnny Blaze as Ghost Rider can press around 25 tons (50,000 lbs) (or extra as seen in World Conflict Hulk).
Every Ghost Rider entity also had talents specific to him or her.
Other Spirits of Vengeance
Michael Badilino, an ex-member of the new York City Police Division, is one-third of an “Organic Medallion of Power”; the other two are Ketch and Blaze (the Medallion itself was never defined in any true detail). He possesses powers more according to those of the Zarathos model of Ghost Rider, although he also possesses the Penance Stare and his motorbike appeared to share traits with the Noble Kale version. His appearance is distinguished by a deep purple skull, massive fangs protruding from his upper jaw, and backswept curved horns on the top of his skull.
In his superhuman type, Badilino was referred to as Vengeance, and initially attempted to kill the Ghost Rider, believing him to be Zarathos. Vengeance later became the ally of Ghost Rider and Johnny Blaze. Vengeance would also take on the role of the Ghost Rider and even semi-critically referred to himself by that title when confronted by Spider-Man shortly after the apparent dying of Ghost Rider in battle with Zarathos and acolytes The Fallen. Vengeance killed himself, along with the villain Hellgate, by triggering a large explosion by way of his Hellfire, the supply of the mystical flames that encompass the bones of both Vengeance and Ghost Rider.
Vengeance reappears in the last four problems with Ghost Rider vol. 2, involved in Blackheart’s plans to kill Noble Kale. Vengeance aids the Ghost Rider within the ensuing battle, destroying Blackheart and ruling Hell during Ketch’s absences.
The Last Stand of the Spirits of Vengeance
Seven riders present their flaming heads for the primary time on this story arc by author Jason Aaron and artist Tan Eng Huat. Daniel Ketch returns with a new mission: to collect the powers of all of the Ghost Riders for the angel Zadkiel to stop the corruption of the powers with their human hosts. Zadkiel has other motives he keeps to himself, of which he wants the powers of the riders to tear down the walls of latest Jerusalem and wage struggle on the heavens.
Trail of Tears
A model of Ghost Rider appeared within the miniseries Ghost Rider: Trail of Tears #1-6 (April-Sept. 2007) by writer Garth Ennis and artist Clayton Crain. Set throughout the American Civil War, it finds Confederate officer Travis Parham avenging the murders of his pal, an ex-slave named Caleb and Caleb’s household. Parham meets a horse-riding Ghost Rider who seeks the identical men. Finally, Parham learns concerning the deaths instrumental in helping set forth the Spirit of Vengeance.
In the final word Marvel Universe, Ghost Rider made his debut in Ultimate Comics: Avengers volume 2, #2. Ultimate Ghost Rider’s origin is explained in Ultimate Comics: Avengers volume 2, #four. Someday while on a cross-nation trip throughout the United States, twenty-something couple Johnny Blaze and Roxanne Simpson come throughout a bar the place they befriend a biker gang, who plies them with beer. The gang’s pleasant demeanor is a ruse, as they kill the intoxicated Blaze as part of a Satanic ritual. In the course of the ritual, they barter their souls with Satan in exchange for wealth and energy. Satan grants their request however maintains the upper hand. The deceased Blaze additionally makes a deal that Satan will get his soul in exchange for the assured safety of Roxanne. For twenty years Blaze trains to develop into the Ghost Rider, burning away his Christian baptism, and is sent into the world to get his revenge. He tracks down and kills the members of the motorcycle gang 攺ow rich and in positions of power 攰ndividually. In response to those deaths, the White Home issues an Govt Order kill the Ghost Rider. The Avengers are recruited for the mission with no knowledge of the Ghost Rider except that he is 7 ft tall and has the strength of Thor. When the Avengers are unsuccessful in stopping the Ghost Rider from killing his next target, the truth behind the Ghost Rider’s collection of targets is realized, and the Vice President of the United States, Michael Blackthorne is revealed to be the previous leader of the motorcycle gang, who sold his soul to become a Ghost Rider, AKA Vengeance, into which Blackthorne now transforms. Throughout their confrontation, the Ghost Rider drags Vengeance into a church which turns them both back into human type, allowing the Punisher to complete off Blackthorne. After pleading his case, Blaze is allowed to go away. He’s later seen in a park with Satan watching Roxanne, who was brought again to life with no reminiscence of what occurred. Satan agrees to let her dwell her life if Blaze continues to be his Ghost Rider, to which Blaze agrees.[Thirteen]
Ghost Rider 2099
Zero Cochrane, who in the Marvel 2099 alternate timeline is a cybernetic take on the Spirit of Vengeance, shouldn’t be a supernatural being, however a cybernetic being with a digitized copy of Cochrane’s thoughts. He encounters a futuristic counterpoint to Michael Badilino’s Vengeance. The Ghost Rider of 2099 seems to drop out of existence through the consolidation of the 2099 books into a single title called 2099 World of Tomorrow. He subsequently appears in the 2099 “epilogue” ebook Manifest Future, arguing with the AI that empowers him.
The Spirit of Vengeance
This model of Ghost Rider, identified because the Spirit of Vengeance, debuted in Guardians of the Galaxy, set in an alternate future of the Marvel Universe. He has the ability to traverse space and hearth spike projectiles from his forearms. This Ghost Rider is a religious zealot, embittered toward a church (a version of the Common Church of Fact) proclaiming it might produce its god within the flesh. That being, the Protege, is destroyed by the Celestial Scathan the Approver. This Ghost Rider refers to himself merely because the Spirit of Vengeance, though his real title is given as Autocylus, from the planet Sarka. After answering a distress call from Firelord, the Guardians of the Galaxy help a planet in peril, this Ghost Rider ultimately helps to destroy the threat. The Spirit of Vengeance joins several other highly effective beings including Martinex, Hollywood, Replica, Firelord, Phoenix IX and Mainframe. The heroes, rallied by Martinex, keep collectively as the new Galactic Guardians.
Marvel Zombies: Useless Days
Ghost Rider is seen in Marvel Zombies: Useless Days (Marvel One-Shot 1, Could 2007) as one of the uninfected; he then seems briefly in “Marvel Zombies” at the point wherein the zombie heroes of latest York are making their assault on The Silver Surfer.[quantity & difficulty wanted] He later appears in Marvel Zombies three as an infected whereas chasing Machine Man and is then easily decapitated.[volume & challenge wanted]
In the second quantity of the sequence in challenge quantity forty five, Daniel Ketch’s sister, Barbara, becomes the Ghost Rider after Danny is killed within the graveyard. On this model, Barbara is extra vicious and ruthless as Ghost Rider. Finally, Doctor Unusual and Spider-Man team as much as try to cease her with the help of Johnny Blaze.
In the Spider-Gwen universe (Earth-65), there evidently is a model of Ghost Rider whom that universe’s Betty Brant dresses as for Halloween.
In other media
Marvel Cinematic Universe
– The first references to the Ghost Rider mythology had been made in Brokers of S.H.I.E.L.D. season three, where “J.T.” James Slade / Hellfire made his debut as performed by Axle Whitehead. In the comics, Slade is the grandson of Marvel Comics’ first hero to make use of the Ghost Rider mantle, Carter Slade. Along with his pyrokinetic powers, he also has the ability to cause a series to ignite in flame, just like Ghost Rider. Whitehead reprises his position in season 4 of the tv series.
– In July 2016, it was announced that Ghost Rider would make his Marvel Cinematic Universe debut within the fourth season of Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.. Marketing had teased on the introduction of the Spirit of Vengeance, and the studio confirmed by way of San Diego Comedian-Con, that the Ghost Rider would characteristic heavily in the series. The Robbie Reyes incarnation of the Ghost Rider, portrayed by actor Gabriel Luna, features as a recurring character for the season four; influencing the season’s marketing subtitle, Ghost Rider; which later turned referred to as the primary of three ‘Pods’ of the season, a brand new characteristic for the tv sequence. Johnny Blaze / Ghost Rider is referenced throughout the season, and has a cameo in the episode “A very good Samaritan”. Blaze rescues Robbie Reyes and his brother from their automotive accident and revives the former from the lifeless by giving Reyes the supernatural abilities of the Spirit of Vengeance. As Robbie only saw Johnny in his Ghost Rider form, he believes that he offered his soul to “The Devil”. While Blaze isn’t named explicitly in the episode, series star Clark Gregg confirmed the character’s id through his Twitter account. Al MacKenzie turns into host to the Ghost Rider for a time, after Reyes turns into trapped between dimensions. In the season finale Phil Coulson briefly turns into the Ghost Rider as a part of a lure to defeat the season’s primary antagonist AIDA / Ophelia / Madame Hydra.
– In October 2016, Luna discussed that there are plans for Reyes to function in his own television series, following his introduction in Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.. In later interviews the actor stated he hopes Norman Reedus would painting Johnny Blaze within the Marvel Cinematic Universe.
– In the X-Men: The Animated Collection first-season finale, Professor X scans Gambit’s recollections and sees Ghost Rider, apparently approaching Gambit.
– The Danny Ketch version of Ghost Rider appeared in the Fantastic Four episode “When Calls Galactus” voiced by Richard Grieco. He helps the Fantastic Four and Thor when Galactus plans to feed on Earth.
– The Danny Ketch version of Ghost Rider seems in Incredible Hulk animated sequence on UPN, voiced by Richard Grieco. – It was as a result of his usage on the UPN cartoons that brought on a planned appearance on Spider-Man to be rejected. The episode would have pitted Ghost Rider and Spider-Man against Mysterio and Dormammu. Allegedly, these two appearances were also meant to function a backdoor pilot for a potential “Ghost Rider” animated series.
– On February 16, 2007, Columbia Photos launched the film Ghost Rider, starring Nicolas Cage as the grownup Johnny Blaze and Matt Long as a teen. The character faces Blackheart and his father, Mephistopheles.
– Nicolas Cage reprised the role in a sequel, Ghost Rider: Spirit of Vengeance, launched February 17, 2012 in three-D. Right here the character is recruited by a sect to save lots of a boy named Danny from being possessed by Roarke (a form of Mephistopheles who can be his father) whereas combating Blackout.
– In Could 2013, the film rights to Ghost Rider reverted to Marvel Studios from Sony Photos, though it was additionally confirmed that there were no rapid plans to provide another film featuring the character within the instant future.
– Ghost Rider seems in the game Venom/Spider-Man: Separation Anxiety as summonable character that assists the player for a brief time frame. Separation Anxiety is the sequel to the game Spider-Man and Venom: Most Carnage
– Ghost Rider (Johnny Blaze) is featured as an unlockable character in the video game Marvel: Final Alliance, voiced by Nolan North. The player receives a workforce bonus of “New Fantastic Four” when playing a sport with a staff of Ghost Rider, Spider-Man, Wolverine, Hulk and/or Luke Cage (Hulk being solely available through obtain).
– In 2007 the game Ghost Rider was made as a unfastened continuation of the 2007 movie of the identical identify. It’s the only recreation so far that features Ghost Rider because the lead character.
– He is obtainable as downloadable content for the sport LittleBigPlanet, as a part of “Marvel Costume Kit 2”.
– Ghost Rider (Johnny Blaze) appears as a non-playable character in Dante’s ending in Marvel vs. Capcom 3: Destiny of Two Worlds. He is just not accessible as a playable character, nevertheless he is playable within the up to date version Ultimate Marvel vs. Capcom 3. Richard Grieco reprises his function.
– He’s a playable character in Marvel Super Hero Squad Online
– Ghost Rider is a playable character in Marvel: Avengers Alliance
– Ghost Rider is a playable character in Lego Marvel Tremendous Heroes voiced by Andrew Kishino.
– Ghost Rider is a playable character in Marvel Heroes. Robbie Reyes appears as a Staff Up character within the Marvel Heroes 2016 rebranding.
– Ghost Rider is a playable character in Marvel: Future Struggle.
– Ghost Rider is seen riding his bike down the facet of a constructing within the “What if Mode” of Spider-Man (2000 video sport).
– The Robbie Reyes version of Ghost Rider is a playable character in Marvel Avengers Academy.
– The Johnny Blaze model of Ghost Rider is a playable character in Marvel: Contest of Champions.
– Johnny Blaze returns as a playable character in Marvel vs. Capcom: Infinite, with Fred Tatasciore reprising the function.
– The Johnny Blaze version of Ghost Rider is a playable character in Lego Marvel Tremendous Heroes 2.
In Could 2011, Ghost Rider positioned 90th on IGN’s “Prime a hundred Comic E book Heroes” listing.
The New Fantastic Four: Monsters Unleashed [Options a “new” Incredible Four consisting of Ghost Rider, The Hulk, Wolverine and Spider-Man]. (trade paperback, 1992; reprints Unbelievable Four #347-349)
Essential Ghost Rider Vol. 1 (commerce paperback, 2005; reprints Marvel Highlight # 5-12, Ghost Rider Vol. 2 #1-20 and Daredevil #138)
Essential Ghost Rider Vol. 2 (trade paperback, 2007; reprints Ghost Rider Vol. 2 #21-50.)
Essential Ghost Rider Vol. 3 (commerce paperback, 2009; reprints Ghost Rider Vol. 2#51-sixty five, Avengers #214, Marvel Two-In-One #eighty)
Essential Ghost Rider Vol. Four (trade paperback, 2010; reprints Ghost Rider Vol. 2#66-81, Superb Spider-Man #274 and New Defenders #145 and 146)
Ghost Rider Team-Up (trade paperback, 2007 ; reprints Marvel Staff-Up #91, Marvel Two-in-One #80, Marvel Premiere #28, Avengers #214 and Ghost Rider #27 & #50.)
Champions Traditional Vol. 1 (trade paperback; reprints Champions #1-11.)
Champions Basic Vol. 2 (commerce paperback; reprints Champions #12-17, Iron Man Annual #four, Avengers #163, Super-Villain Workforce-Up #14, and Peter Parker, the Spectacular Spider-Man #17-18.)
Ghost Rider: Resurrected (trade paperback, 1991; reprints Ghost Rider vol. 3, #1-7)
Ghost Rider: Danny Ketch Basic Vol. 1 (commerce paperback, 2009; reprints Ghost Rider vol. 3, #1-10)
Ghost Rider: Danny Ketch Traditional Vol. 2 (trade paperback, 2010; reprints Ghost Rider vol. Three, #11-20 and Doctor Strange: Sorcerer Supreme #28)
X-Males & Ghost Rider: Brood Trouble in the large Straightforward (trade paperback; 1993; Reprints Ghost Rider Vol. 3 #26-27 and X-Men #8-9)
Wolverine and Ghost Rider in Acts of Vengeance (Marvel Comics Presents #64-70)
Rise of the Midnight Sons (trade paperback, 1992; Reprints Ghost Rider vol. Three, #28, 31; Ghost Rider/Blaze: Spirits of Vengeance #1, Morbius #1, Darkhold #1 and Nightstalkers #1)
Spirits of Venom (trade paperback, 1993; reprints Internet of Spider-Man #ninety five-96 and Ghost Rider/Blaze: Spirits of Vengeance #5 – 6)
Ghost Rider: The Hammer Lane (commerce paperback, 2002; reprints Ghost Rider Vol. Four #1-6)
Ghost Rider: Road to Damnation (Hardcover, 2007; reprints Ghost Rider Vol. 5 #1-6.)
Ghost Rider: Road to Damnation (commerce paperback, 2007; reprints Ghost Rider Vol. 5 #1-6.)
Ghost Rider Vol. 1: Vicious Cycle (commerce paperback, 2007; reprints Ghost Rider Vol. 6 #1-5.)
Ghost Rider Vol. 2: The Life & Dying Of Johnny Blaze (trade paperback, 2007; reprints Ghost Rider Vol. 6 #6-eleven.)
Ghost Rider Vol. 3: Apocalypse Quickly (trade paperback, 2008; reprints Ghost Rider Vol. 6 #12-thirteen, Annual #1.)
Ghost Rider Vol. Four: Revelations (trade paperback, 2008; reprints Ghost Rider Vol. 6 #14-19.)
Ghost Rider Vol. 5: Hell Bent and Heaven Sure (trade paperback, 2008; reprints Ghost Rider Vol. 6 #20-25.)
Ghost Rider Vol. 6: The Last Stand (trade paperback, 2009; reprints Ghost Rider Vol. 6 #26-32.)
Ghost Rider Vol. 7: Trials and Tribulations (commerce paperback, 2009; reprints Ghost Rider Vol. 6 #33-35, Annual #2.)
Ghost Riders: Heaven’s on Fire (trade paperback, 2009-2010; reprints Ghost Riders: Heaven’s on Hearth #1-6 )
Ghost Rider: Final Collection by Daniel Method (trade paperback, 2012; reprints Ghost Rider Vol. 6 #1-19 )
Ghost Rider: Omnibus by Jason Aaron (Hardcover, 2010; reprints Ghost Rider Vol. 6 #20-35 and Ghost Riders: Heaven’s on Fire #1-6)
Ghost Rider: Danny Ketch – Addict (Ghost Rider: Danny Ketch #1-5 and Ghost Rider Finale)
Worry Itself: Ghost Rider (commerce paperback, Ghost Rider Vol. 7 #zero.1 & #1-5)
Ghost Rider: The complete Sequence by Rob Williams (commerce paperback, Ghost Rider Vol. 7 #zero.
^ Montgomery (October 13, 2013). ”NYCC 2013: All-New Ghost Rider” Marvel.com.
^ Underneath The Hood Of The ALL-NEW GHOST RIDER Character Design (February 10, 2014). [Three].
^ Ghost Rider (2007 movie)
^ Ghost Riders: Heavens On Hearth #6
^ All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A-Z #four
^ All New Ghost Rider #5
^ Marvel Legacy #1
^ Robbie Reyes: Ghost Rider #5
^ CCC09: Ultimate Marvel Panel Report, Comic Book Resources, August 7, 2009
^ Millar, Mark (w), Yu, Leinil Francis (a). Ultimate Comics Avengers 2 #three (Aug. 2010). Marvel Comics.
^ Millar, Mark (w), Yu, Lenil Francis (a). Final Comics Avengers 2 #6 (Sept. 2010). Marvel Comics.
^ Guardians of the Galaxy #12
^ Guardians of the Galaxy Annual #2
^ Galactic Guardians #1-four
^ “Spirit of Vengeance (Earth-691)”. Marvel.com. 2008-04-10. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
^ What If? #Forty five
^ Radioactive Spider-Gwen #thirteen
^ Bucksbaum, Sydney (July 22, 2016). “Comedian-Con: ‘Brokers of SHIELD’ Casts Ghost Rider for Season four”. The Hollywood Reporter.
^ “Spirit of Vengeance”. Hulk and the Agents of S.M.A.S.H. Season 2. Episode 24. June 14, 2015. Disney XD.
^ “‘Ghost Rider’ Movie Rights Return to Marvel – Will We See a Reboot Quickly?”. screenrant.com. 2013-05-02. Retrieved 2013-05-30.
^ “Marvel Costume Kit 2”. Sony. Archived from the unique on February 19, 2013. Retrieved December 30, 2012.
^ Jun 25, 2010 eight:47 am (2010-06-25). “Marvel.com”. Marvel.com. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
^ July 23, 2010 6:08PM PDT (2011-02-18). “Gamespot.com”. Uk.gamespot.com. Archived from the original on 2012-07-15. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
^ Mitchell, Richard (2011-07-20). “Ultimate Marvel vs. Capcom 3 lands in November; adds Strider, Ghost Rider [update: characters leaked”. Joystiq. Retrieved 2012-05-20.
^ http://marvel.com/news/video_video games/26751/marvel_heroes_2016_roll_call_ghost_rider_quake[everlasting dead hyperlink]
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Marvel Listing: Ghost Rider
Ghost Rider on IMDb
Subject Information to Ghost Riders
Ghost Rider comics sales historical past from Comichron
Munn, Chris, ed. (2003-2011). “Creator Interviews”. Vengeance Unbound. Archived from the unique on January 21, 2012. Retrieved February 16, 2013.
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